For every person, the topic of children is both very special and very important. For a family with a child with Down syndrome, it is extremely important to detect the condition early. It is highly curious whether the color ultrasound method, which is presented as a solution to this situation, is sufficient or not in the diagnosis of a baby with Down syndrome.
New situations arise for expectant mothers and fathers who learn that they will have a baby with down syndrome during pregnancy, after that point. First of all, they need to obtain accurate and sufficient information about down syndrome.
Later, there are many questions such as how an individual with Down syndrome can live, competent and inadequate in what issues, what should be paid attention to and what guidance should be given for his development, how his education will be determined according to which criteria and how the country of residence has studies on children with Down syndrome. It is extremely important for them to improve themselves in many respects.
The subject that every individual should know in the first stage about Down syndrome; diagnosis, which method is better and what should be done in this case.
Is Color Ultrasound Sufficient For Diagnosing Down Syndrome?
Down syndrome is caused by a genetic difference seen in one in eight hundred babies. Color ultrasound is one of the ways to diagnose Down syndrome. However, it takes the second place as preference.
The first method used for diagnosis is screening tests during pregnancy. For these tests, blood is taken from the expectant mother. This blood is placed in special tubes. Then, the necessary procedures are performed and it is determined whether the baby has Down syndrome. This method provides high rates of correct results.
Color ultrasound is the second method used to detect down syndrome. The main reason for this is the proportional difference between the rate of reaching the correct result in the tests and the results obtained through ultrasound. Color ultrasound has less than fifty percent accuracy in detecting down syndrome. This means a fairly low degree of accuracy compared to the results reached by tests.
Since the main substance used in the tests is the blood sample taken from the expectant mother, the data revealed gives almost 100 percent accurate results. However, when the color ultrasound method is used, a significant number of babies with Down syndrome are not noticed and are considered normal.
Is There a Treatment for Down Syndrome?
The question of whether there is a cure for Down syndrome is wondered by many people and an answer is expected. There is no definitive answer to this question.
At this point, it is primarily important to know that an individual with Down syndrome is not sick, because Down syndrome itself is not a disease. It is a genetic difference that occurs as an excess of chromosomes.
Therefore, it is not possible to eliminate it completely by treatment, at least for now, but it is possible to significantly contribute to their development by providing certain standards. At this point, education is of great importance.
The therapy initiated from an early age and social activities in line with these therapies will be extremely beneficial for a psychological motivation and cognitive development so that individuals with Down syndrome can be involved in life and take part in the flow without breaking off.
What is Down Syndrome Speech Therapy Needed For?
Problems in language and speech, which are frequently seen in individuals with Down syndrome and are among the distinctive features, can be improved with the help of speech therapy.
Individuals with Down syndrome, who develop developmental differences with their peers, should participate in a number of practices in order to reach the best possible point. Speech therapy is one of the most important and necessary among these applications.
To give an example of speech problems in a child with Down syndrome that differ according to their peers;
– Children with down syndrome, who make very rapid progress in the use of gestures and mimics, cannot use these features on the language and speech areas in general and develop more slowly.
– Another common situation is the misuse of the sounds used during speech. For this reason, phonetic disorders are observed in most children with Down syndrome. Physiological and anatomical reasons play an important role in the occurrence of this condition.
Generally, a person with Down syndrome has trouble forming long and mixed sentences because they have difficulty in deriving words and using suffixes.
– In addition to having trouble with question sentences and sentences that indicate negativity, the use of verb tenses can also be confused.
– Vocabulary develops more slowly than other people.
In order to maximize the development of their children, parents should definitely take them to therapies that will contribute to them.
In What Month of Pregnancy Does Down Syndrome Occur?
Every mother and father behave much more carefully than usual in certain aspects in order for the development of their children to progress in the healthiest and correct way during pregnancy. Especially when it comes to the health of the baby to be born, an extra sensitivity is developed.
For this reason, it is extremely important that the relationship with the doctor is correct and sufficient. It is vital that monthly checks are carried out regularly and completely in preventing any possible problems that may occur in the baby.
Thanks to the tests and correct applications, it can be learned whether the baby has Down syndrome. At this point, the most common question asked by parents is the month of pregnancy when Down syndrome is evident.
There are several ways to answer this question. First of all, there is a possibility of thickening of the neck between the 11th and 14th weeks of pregnancy. This possibility poses a serious risk for the baby to have Down syndrome.
An increase in the thickening of the neck can be observed between the fifteenth and twentieth weeks. When such a situation is observed, the doctor should be requested to perform the relevant tests without wasting time. In case of thick nape from the twentieth week, a flattening may begin to be seen.
A number of symptoms can be noticed in the color ultrasound down syndrome diagnosis method. These symptoms include:
Short upper arm and leg bones,
– kidney enlargement,
– shine in the heart,
Separation in the toe of the foot,
– Lack of nasal bone,
– Symptoms such as echogenic bowel indicate that the baby has Down syndrome, but still does not give definitive results.
What is the Development of Babies with Down Syndrome in the Mother Womb?
It is seen that one of the most frequently asked questions by women who learn that babies with Down syndrome will be their mothers during pregnancy is how the baby’s development in the womb.
It has become possible to obtain information on this subject thanks to the studies, tests applied and a number of other methods.
Changes in the development of babies with Down syndrome during pregnancy can be listed as follows:
Differences seen in the heart,
– Iliac angle width,
– Inability to see the nasal bone,
– Hypoplasia seen in the middle phalanx bone of the little finger,
– Neck thickness,
– The big toe is separated compared to normal,
– The upper arm and leg are shorter than they should be,
– Developmental differences such as kidney enlargement can be observed.