Your baby may have walked and talked later than his peers. While it moves very quickly in some areas of development, it may need support in some areas. If you have some questions about your child’s development, this article is for you. There are some developmental principles that you can follow in your child’s development . If you know these principles, you can evaluate your child correctly from infancy and have an idea of how to support him / her including school life.
What Affects Your Child’s Development?
Development includes all forward-looking changes in physical, mental, social and emotional areas. Developmental changes are often the product of the interaction of inheritance, environmental influences, and learning. In other words, in the development of a child, besides the innate characteristics, environmental factors and the learning opportunities offered to him have a share. For example; If you provide your child with a stimulating environment, if you do not be too intrusive and allow him to explore, it will develop faster.
Heredity and environmental factors have a major impact on your child’s development.
1-Development Shows Individual Differences
One of the most hesitant issues in families is that their children learn anything later than their peers. For example; While a baby starts to walk before his tenth month, another can show this development in his eighteenth month. In such cases, families worry about whether there is a developmental problem in their children. However, if you are experiencing such a situation, remember that every child’s development is different, and these differences are shaped by hereditary and environmental factors. At this point, it is critical that you do not compare your child with other children, take into account the individual differences in development and evaluate his or her development within yourself.
2-Development Is From General to Specific
The movements of babies are initially holistic. First, control over general movements is achieved thanks to large muscle development, then fine muscle movements can be performed. For example, the child trying to eat by holding the spoon with his palm at the beginning holds the same spoon with his fingertips later on. Knowing this developmental process, it is important for you to develop your expectations in this direction and to support your baby properly.
3-Development Is A Whole And There Is Interaction Between All Development Areas
All of your child’s developmental areas are interrelated. A positive or negative feature that occurs in a development area affects other development areas in the same direction. For example; The mental development of a child who is supported in language development will also improve positively. At this point, providing opportunities to support all development areas of your child is a very valuable gain in terms of development.
4-Development is Continuous and Takes Place in Certain Stages
The concept of development implies continuous progress. Each stage in development is affected by the previous stage and constitutes the infrastructure of the next one. The stages are not sharply separated from each other. For example, the baby’s crawling, holding on to a place and walking sequence; walking constitutes the infrastructure of running.
5-Development Continues in Rotation
Each of the development areas can come to the fore in different developmental periods. Acceleration occurs in one of the areas, while slowing down in the other. For example; A high growth rate is observed during the prenatal period and the first year after birth. At the end of the first year, while the growth rate slows down, movement-related development and language development accelerate. In the following years, there is a leap in mental development.
Children’s development may differ individually. For this reason, you should not compare your child with their peers.
6-Development is a Product of Heredity and Environment Interaction
There is a continuous and dynamic interaction between heredity and environment. Many traits inherited are shaped by being influenced by environmental variables. For example, babies come into the world with the capacity to speak. However, they need to be in a spoken environment and communicate with them in order for them to say their first words and to make simple sentences.
What Can You Do To Properly Support Your Child’s Development?
Environmental factors as well as genetic characteristics have an impact on your child’s development. For this reason, the bond you will establish with him, the effective time you will spend, and your communication style are extremely important in terms of healthy development. Knowing the principles of development, you should evaluate your child’s development within yourself, and if you think there is a big difference, you should take it to a specialist. In addition, it is extremely important to plan activities to improve their developmental areas, to offer the opportunity to spend time with their peers, and not to be intrusive and critical when your child is trying to discover something. At this point, focus on what your child can do rather than what they can’t. With your encouraging and supportive attitude, you will notice that your child progresses faster.
To support your child’s development properly, you should include outdoor activities frequently.