It is one of the health problems that we have heard a lot recently and which is frequently applied in hospitals; scabies outbreak . This discomfort that causes irritation and itching as soon as you hear its name; It is a serious threat to everyone, especially adults working in crowded environments, children attending school or pre-school education institutions.
If we want to be protected from this annoying epidemic, it is necessary to know the living organism that caused the epidemic well, then to know how it spreads and what the protection ways are and take the necessary precautions. Otherwise, a warm hug, sharing an innocent toy or clothing can be annoying.
What is Scabies?
The best way to deal with a disease is to know the enemy well. For this reason, it is necessary to seek an answer to the question of what is scabies first .
Scabies is a skin condition caused by tiny insects called Sarcoptes Scabiei Von Hominis , with 8 legs that can only be seen with the aid of a microscope.
It can be seen in animals and humans. However, contrary to popular belief, the mange that causes disease in humans and the mange that causes disease in animals are different from each other. Mites transmitted from animal to human do not cause illness in humans.
The incubation period of scabies, which is very common worldwide, is up to 30 days . After entering the body, it proceeds by opening tunnels on the skin surface. They do not feed on blood like lice and similar parasites, they feed on dead skin cells and reproduce.
Even 10 – 15 is enough to cause symptoms in the body. This number can reach 1000s, as the breeding of mites will be much faster in adults, children and infants with low body resistance.
What are the Symptoms of Scabies?
The incubation period is the time between the disease agent entering the body, settling here, feeding, laying eggs, and thus showing symptoms by reproducing .
The incubation period of scabies is 30 days, which means it will start showing symptoms about 1 month after it enters the body. The following symptoms are the most common.
- Itching in a local area.
- Itching is usually seen in the waist, armpits, genitals, between the fingers, wrists, nipples, kneecap or back of the elbow. Usually itching and sores are not observed on the face, palms, soles or scalp in adults; It can also be seen in these areas in infants and children.
- Increased itching after a warm bath, being in a warm environment or after going to bed.
- Sore, bleeding, blistering or crusting in the itchy area.
- Small pits seen on the skin surface originating from the tunnels opened by the scabies mite to move forward.
- As a result of the accompanying bacteria to the scab beetle, watering, acne-like inflammation formation.
If one or more of the above symptoms are seen, the dermatology department of the hospitals should be visited immediately. After being examined by a specialist physician, the treatment given by the physician should be applied without delay.
How Is Scabies Transmitted?
The scabies epidemic is easily transmitted from person to person. The reason for getting sick is never the lack of personal hygiene. It can be seen in anyone regardless of the socioeconomic level.
Contrary to popular belief, scabies is not likely to be transmitted from animal to human. It is easily transmitted from person to person.
Close contact such as sleeping in the same bed with the infected person, sharing the same row, hugging, sharing the same belongings, using common clothes, and sexual intercourse is enough for the mites to be easily transmitted.
Mites can survive for 48-72 hours outside the body, ie on items. Therefore, the mange beetle can survive for days on an item used by the sick person. This means that the disease can infect your body even days after the use of common items.
The onset of itching in the genital area increases the possibility of sexual transmission of the disease. In cases of possibility of sexual transmission, it is recommended to investigate in detail whether there are other sexually transmitted diseases. Because the presence of any sexually transmitted disease is an opportunity for other diseases to be easily transmitted.
Things to Know About Scabies Treatment
The duration and method of scabies treatment also varies depending on the patient’s age, immune system or disease level. Although the choice of medication or cream is not certain, the following methods are generally used.
- It is treated with sulfurized pomades, scabies cream, ointment or solution.
- Permethrin drugs or creams are used. The drug is applied locally or to the whole body according to the patient’s condition and age. It is necessary to take a bath approximately 8 hours after application . Only the specialist doctor can determine the application area, amount and duration of use.
- Patients who cannot recover with creams and solutions may need to be treated with pills.
- As a result of the 8-hour application of the cream, all the mites that usually cause the disease die. However, a second application may be requested after about 10 for precautionary purposes.
- The incubation period of the scab beetle is about 1 month, which creates suspicion whether it is transmitted to other members of the family. In other words, the fact that other members do not itch does not mean that the mite is not infected. For this reason, all family members together with the sick individual are requested to participate in the treatment.
- During the treatment, the belongings of all members of the family, especially the patient, should be disinfected . Clothes, towels, bed linen and other washable items should be washed at high temperatures, and the house should be thoroughly cleaned.
Ways To Protect Your Baby From The Scabies Outbreak
Every adult working in crowded places is threatened with a scabies epidemic . However, the situation is a little more sensitive for children. Because their immune system is lower than adults.
In addition, they stay in a crowded environment for a long time due to their school and pre-school education, keep in close contact with their friends and love to share things. For this reason, it is important to take all necessary precautions to protect your baby from the scabies epidemic :
- Towels, slippers, combs and similar items should be personal, not shared.
- Close contact of children with infected people should be avoided. The infected person should not share the same bed or use the same items.
- If there is a scabies in the family, other members should be allowed to participate in the scabies treatment process without waiting for the symptoms of the disease to appear .
- The infected person’s clothes should be washed separately.
- Crowded like hospitals, schools, indoor playgrounds; In places where other people have stayed before you, such as a hotel, you should be sensitive about the cleaning of the used items, especially the beds.
In recent years, there has been a serious increase in the number of cases coming to hospitals related to the scabies epidemic . This increase is a warning to show that more attention should be paid to the measures for the problem.
If you do not want to deal with the disease, you should make sure that you have taken the necessary precautions for both children and other members of the family before you get scabies.