When you hold your baby in your arms, the first place you probably look at is his gorgeous eyes. As a mother and father, looking at your little one with those bright tiny eyes gives you an indescribable happiness. That first look, which will always have a very important place in your life, is very special. One of the questions that you and many parents are wondering about with the onset of pregnancy is whether babies start to see on the day they are born? There will be a question. Studies have shown that babies can see from the moment they are born. How do babies see in our article? What should be done to support eye development? We have covered their subjects in detail.
When Do Babies Start to See?
The development of the sense organs starts from the first months in the mother’s womb. The development of the retina is completed in the 8th month of pregnancy. From the moment the baby is born, he can see a certain distance in shadows.
It has been observed that the baby’s eyes react to some light waves after the 26th week. The eyelids, which are closed until the 26th week, start to open in the following weeks and allow the eyes to perceive the light.
How Newborn Babies See You?
The subject of vision is examined by experts in all aspects and said, “How do newborn babies see you? Can he clearly distinguish his mother and father’s facial features? The answers of the questions have been investigated. According to the results of the research, it has been proven that the development in the visual systems begins before birth and continues until the age of 7-8.
A newborn baby cannot see objects and people clearly because the visual nerves in the retina and brain are not fully developed. In its first week, it perceives people and objects only 30 cm away in the form of shadows. Over time, the eyes learn to see and quickly begin to clarify the stimuli. How do babies see you below? The answer to the question and the development of the visual system by months are explained.
The Development of Vision Ability in Babies by Months
Learned vision develops later than other sensory organs depending on the stimuli given (object, light, color, etc.). Vision in infants is not as clear as in adults, but reaches adult levels at the age of 6-7 years.
0-2 Months: Their viewing distance is up to 25-30 cm and they provide 5% vision. They can see bright, large and vividly colored objects more easily. 2. By the end of the month, they reach 50 cm vision range. They see the objects around them better than the ones in the center. During these months, they sometimes have difficulty focusing their two eyes on the same point and they may look squarely. If this situation continues for a longer time, an eye examination is required.
2-4 Months: They start to follow objects with their eyes. They try to catch bright and colorful objects moving horizontally by following them. 4. They can also watch objects moving vertically towards the end of the month. They can make eye contact with people who are 40-50 cm away. Babies also learn to look from one object to another with their eyes without turning their heads.
4-6 Months: The vision skills of 4-5 month-old babies begin to develop rapidly. They are better at tracking moving objects. By providing hand and eye coordination, they catch objects and bring them to their mouth.
7-10 Months: Babies whose visibility reaches 2-3 meters try to pick up the objects they see with the start of crawling. They can recognize toys and objects, some of which are visible. They can distinguish between people they know and strangers.
10-15 Months: Babies who reach a visual distance of 4-6 meters begin to see more detailed. They can clearly see the color differences of the toys and the pictures in the books.
15-24 Months: Babies with all their vision skills can successfully complete activities that require hand and eye coordination. He can bring objects together, join them, and make scribbles in circular motions. He notices the smallest details of every object he sees.
24-36 Months: Visual skills have improved by 80%. The process of seeing clearly as adults is completed at the age of 6-7.
As in all areas of development, the development of the eyes also varies from baby to baby. Along with hereditary effects, the vision abilities of babies develop at different times.
When Should the First Eye Examination in Babies?
If your family has a history of hereditary problems such as strabismus, amblyopia, high-grade eye disorders, congenital cataracts and tumors, you should definitely take your baby to an eye examination within the first month. If there is no eye disorder in family members or no risk factor has been identified for your baby, the best time for the first eye check is the 6th month of your little one.
- Eye disorders and many diseases can be diagnosed in the monthly control. Not neglecting the first eye checks facilitates the diagnosis and treatment process and prevents permanent damage.
It is very important to learn the family members’ history of eye diseases at the first examination. In the control, eyelid, cornea, pupil movements are examined and some reflex tests are performed. Retinal and corneal disorders, eye tumors and cataracts can be diagnosed with the red refle test applied to babies. This test is performed in a dark room with the help of a light called an ophthalmoscope by enlarging the pupils.
The most common eye disorders in babies; refractive errors, strabismus, clogged tear ducts, eye pressure and lazy eye. These ailments sometimes do not show symptoms. Examination is very important in the prevention and treatment of diseases. It is possible to prevent some eye disorders, especially with early diagnosis and treatments.
What should be considered for eye development of babies?
Eyes are among babies’ most important sensory organs that open to the world. Visual systems that begin to develop in the mother’s womb are directly related to the health of the mother. Especially during pregnancy, healthy nutrition has a very important place in eye health as it positively affects all development areas of children. Healthy nutrition is among the most important factors for the development of the eyes after birth. All food groups should be included in the diet of children, especially vegetables, fruits and fish should be consumed.
There are some factors that negatively affect the healthy development of the visual system during pregnancy. The mother’s alcohol and cigarette use, some drug treatments, and the mother’s exposure to radiation can be counted among these factors. Especially in the first months, the mother’s experience of these negative processes affects the eye health more.
Another important issue for eye health is that children are introduced to technological devices as late as possible. Specialists emphasize that television and computer cause permanent damage by negatively affecting eye health.
Your child can see well; It is also of great importance for physical development, school success and social life. So how do babies see when you decide to become parents? What should be done to protect eye health? By researching their subject, you must have prior knowledge. In addition, having their checks done regularly from infancy and observing your baby in the light of the information you have learned will help you in the diagnosis and treatment of eye problems.